How Bad Are Bananas? The Carbon Footprint of Everything


Published:

Mike Berners-Lee
How Bad Are Bananas? The Carbon Footprint of Everything
Greystone Books, Berkeley, CA. 2011

"Paper or plastic?" Of course the correct answer is "neither." But on the (hopefully rare) occasions you find yourself without your personal shopping bag, what is the best response for the eco-conscious consumer? Organic food is always better, or is it?

In How Bad Are Bananas? The Carbon Footprint of Everything, climate-change expert Berners-Lee unpacks the wide-spread confusion around the carbon footprint of food purchasing and nearly one hundred other items. His mission is to create a sense of "carbon awareness," so for every lifestyle choice you make you will have at least a reasonable guesstimate of the carbon impact of that decision and where the impact comes from.

Just what is a carbon footprint anyway? It breaks down like this; carbon is all the different global warming greenhouse gases (global warming meaning human-caused climate change) and footprint is the total impact something has. So the carbon imprint is the full impact an activity, lifestyle, company or country has on the planet.

What's the carbon impact of a cup of tea? A roll of toilet paper? A text message? The World Cup? Engaging and solidly researched, How Bad Are Bananas considers everything from birth to death (literally, the carbon impact of both having a child and being cremated are included). It makes three basic assumptions: climate change is a big deal; it's caused by humans; and we can do something about it. While Earth's seven billion people combined obviously make an enormous footprint, understanding where carbon impact comes from can help you cut your carbon portion by a decent amount.

You need to pick your battles though, and keep things in perspective. If you're stressing over choosing to dry your hands with an electric-hand dryer or to use a paper towel, but doing it from an airport restroom before you board a trans-Atlantic flight, you might just be distracting yourself from exactly how much carbon is at stake with your transportation choices.

Similarly, if you're making the great low-carbon activity choice of cycling one mile to work, but pumping that bike by fueling your body with food that has been flown by air from across the globe, you're carbon impact goes way up. (Carbon impact-wise, you'd be better off driving a Hummer!) Two people cycling a mile on cheeseburger power have about the same footprint as commuting together in an efficient car.

So it really is all about choices, and knowing the total impact of those choices. For food choices, consider things such as farming method, transportation, packaging, refrigeration and one of the worst offenders, food waste. So how bad are bananas? Actually, they're pretty good. The only bad banana is the one you let rot. (p.s. Paper or plastic? Pick plastic.)

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January 20, 2017

Today brings redemption, and not just because it’s Friday. Early morning aspects between the Scorpio Moon and mental Mercury, as well as a healing sextile between Venus and Pluto set the day off on very positive footing. Moods are confident, warm and…
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January 2017

January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
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Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
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January 15 - December 10, 2017 With Tom Frederick Apprenticeship — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of...

Cost: $1400 (Early Bird $1300)

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
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Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

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People come in all shapes and personalities, with different perspectives and communication styles. Some people are assertive, some easy-going, some need attention, some space. And that's why...

Cost: Free

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center & Gallery
1110 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA  02138
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Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

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Full Moon Herbal Workshop Series January: Herbs for cough, colds, sore throat and sinus congestion. We will learn about the medicinal herbs native to New England and then circle out from here....

Cost: $20

Where:
Address will be provided to participants before the event.
Jefferson, MA  01522


Sponsor: Hillside Herbals
Telephone: 508-847-8615
Contact Name: Rachel Ross
Website »

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Take your knowledge to the next level and become a Holistic Professional facilitating treatments with clients and/or teaching. Eight month program assists you in stepping into mastery utilizing...

Cost: $1199 (Early Bird by 09/01/16 is $1099)

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
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Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

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Hatha yoga classes are held on Sunday mornings from 10 - 11 am in the Function Room at the Village at Waterman Lake. These classes are mixed levels and open to the public. Please register at...

Cost: $12

Where:
Village at Waterman Lake
715 Putnam Pike
Greenville, RI  02828
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Sponsor: The Yoga Workshop
Telephone: 401-261-1060
Contact Name: Barbara Fetta
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January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

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Are you interested in bringing your writing to the next level? ​Do you want to join a strong, respectful community of poets and creative nonfiction writers? In this intimate, rigorous...

Cost: $480

Where:
private home
Cedar St
Cambridge, MA  02140
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Sponsor: Nadia Colburn
Telephone: 617-785-6627
Contact Name: Nadia Colburn
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Start your week on a positive note! Each Monday, we will come together to discuss meditation techniques followed by the opportunity to put those techniques into practice with a goal of developing a...

Cost: $10

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
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Telephone: 508-230-3680
Website »

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Weekly live webinar course beginning January 9 - February 13, 2017 Register at https://www.eventbrite.com/e/reap-healing-method-certification-training-level-1-registration-28836232949 The...

Cost: $695

Where:
online/webinar/teleclass


Sponsor: REAP Healing Method
Telephone: 978-877-8651
Contact Name: Pamela Dussault Runtagh
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Featuring Irina Serebryakova, Holistic Nurse-Practitioner Join Groton Wellness for an interactive morning of learning, collaborating and networking! Hear Irina Serebryakova discuss her...

Cost: Free

Where:
Groton Wellness
493-495 Main Street
Mill Run Plaza
Groton , MA  01450
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Sponsor: Groton Wellness
Telephone: 978-449-9919
Contact Name: Amy
Website »

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January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

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January we will embrace self care. We welcome featured speaker Chef Arwyn Lennon, Wellness Chef at the Café at Groton Wellness Hosted by: Deanna Jayne. Deanna is a sacred circle...

Cost: $14

Where:
Groton Wellness
493-495 Main Street
Mill Run Plaza
Groton, MA  01450
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Sponsor: Groton Wellness
Telephone: 978-449-9919
Contact Name: Amy
Website »

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You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

More information

You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

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Patti Anastasia is a holistic nurse healer and Holy Fire Reiki Master. She is also a spiritual medium, medical intuit, and animal communicator. Come to this series of workshops on January 10th,...

Cost: $60 for the 3 sessions

Where:
Anastasia's Health Happenings
110 Haverhill Rd.
Bldg. C, Suite 342
Amesbury, MA  01913
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Sponsor: Anastasia's Health Happenings
Telephone: 978-621-8435
Contact Name: Patti Anastasia RN, Holy Fire Reiki Ma
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January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

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With Chef Arwyn Lennon, Wellness Chef at the Café at Groton Wellness. Learn how to make healthy bone broth and great chicken soup all while adding warmth and wellness to your home....

Cost: $55

Where:
Groton Wellness
493-495 Main Street
Mill Run Plaza
Groton, MA  01450
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Sponsor: Groton Wellness
Telephone: 978-449-9919
Contact Name: Amy
Website »

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Weekly yoga classes with Rev. Michelle Caron, RMT, CYT, ZIN of Harmony Way on Wednesdays at 12:15 PM and Fridays at 9:30 AM at the Wilbraham Senior Center. Class welcomes all ages and uses a...

Cost: $5

Where:
Wilbraham Senior Center
45 Post Office Park, #4502
Wilbraham, MA  01095
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Sponsor: Harmony Way
Telephone: 413-636-2475
Contact Name: Rev. Michelle Caron, RMT, CYT, ZIN
Website »

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You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

More information

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January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

More information

Nancy's therapeutic and healing nature stems from her own personal journey through health struggles. Her style is open to everyone, no matter physical or mental challenges, or age....

Cost: $15 drop in or $12 with 10 class bundle

Where:
HeartSong Spiritual Wellness
23 Pine Street
Milford, MA  01757
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Sponsor: HeartSong Spiritual Wellness Center
Website »

More information

You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

More information

You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

More information

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January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

More information

On January 20th a call will go out to anyone who may want to join for a short time or the whole two hours to create something positive on this day by honoring peacemakers both past and present....

Where:
Boston Common
across from the Paulist Center
Boston, MA
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Telephone: 617-335-5408
Contact Name: Dot Walsh

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Join us on Inauguration Day at the Peace Memorial in Sherborn, MA at noon to express how you feel about the highest office in the land being held by someone who mocks people with disabilities and...

Cost: Free

Where:
Peace Memorial Park (formerly The Peace Abbey)
2 North Main Street
Sherborn, MA  01770
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Sponsor: The Peace Abbey
Contact Name: Lewis Randa
Website »

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January 20 - 22, 2017 Sergio Magaña, Toltec/Mexihca Teacher, healer, author shares ancient knowledge of advanced energy healing, dreamtime and rejuvenation techniques. First East Coast...

Where:
, MA


Telephone: 508-435-2681
Website »

More information

Weekly yoga classes with Rev. Michelle Caron, RMT, CYT, ZIN of Harmony Way on Wednesdays at 12:15 PM and Fridays at 9:30 AM at the Wilbraham Senior Center. Class welcomes all ages and uses a...

Cost: $5

Where:
Wilbraham Senior Center
45 Post Office Park, #4502
Wilbraham, MA  01095
View map »


Sponsor: Harmony Way
Telephone: 413-636-2475
Contact Name: Rev. Michelle Caron, RMT, CYT, ZIN
Website »

More information

You are invited to join us for guided and creative meditation, through which you will be able to create an oasis of peace during your day & spread the energy of love and hope to yourself and to...

Cost: Voluntary contributions are welcome.

Where:
Inner Space Meditation Center
1110 Massachusetts Ave
Cambridge, MA  02138
View map »


Telephone: 617-547-1110
Website »

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January 21 - July 1, 2017 With Katie Malloy Ramaci Expand your connection to the angels learning IET levels 2 and 3 certification. Learn soul star activation and release resistance to living...

Cost: $1099 (Early Bird $999)

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

More information

January 14 - December 9, 2017 With Tom Frederick Novice — This 12-month program is designed to assist you on your journey to spiritual enlightenment. Here we study a variety of esoteric...

Cost: $1300

Where:
Women of Wisdom
118 Washington Street
North Easton, MA  02356
View map »


Sponsor: Women of Wisdom
Telephone: 508-230-3680
Contact Name: Women of Wisdom
Website »

More information

After the women’s march please come and let your heart shine and your voice be heard as we chant the divine names and bask in each other's light. Shubal and Ashley, along with Bob on...

Cost: Donations only

Where:
The Arlington Center
369 Massachusetts Ave
Arlington, MA  02474
View map »


Telephone: 781-316-0282
Contact Name: Shubalananda
Website »

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Come find out why doctors recommend tai chi as a perfect supplement to other lifestyle recommendations. This centuries-old practice works on balance, strength, and agility in a way that no other...

Cost: $15 drop in or $12 with 10 class bundle

Where:
HeartSong Spiritual Wellness
23 Pine Street
Milford, MA  01757
View map »


Sponsor: HeartSong Spiritual Wellness Center
Website »

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Feel the love at the Mind, Body, Spirit Expo Cape Cod Like-minded people getting together. Natural health practitioners Personal growth Holistic healers Psychic readers Unique arts...

Cost: Free Admission

Where:
Willy's World Wellness & Conference Center
4730 State highway
Eastham, MA  02642
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Sponsor: WWWCC & Kembali Wellness
Telephone: 508-255-6370
Contact Name: Barbara
Website »

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