Here’s Why Coronavirus Is A Bigger Deal Than Seasonal Flu

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Feeling confused as to why coronavirus is a bigger deal than seasonal flu? Here it is in a nutshell. 

It has to do with RNA sequencing, i.e., genetics.

Seasonal flu is an “all human virus.” The DNA/RNA chains that make up the virus are recognized by the human immune system. This means that your body has some immunity to it before it comes around each year. You get immunity two ways — through exposure to a virus, or by getting a flu shot.

Novel viruses come from animals. The WHO (World Health Org.) tracks novel viruses in animals, (sometimes for years watching for mutations). Usually these viruses only transfer from animal to animal (pigs in the case of H1N1, birds in the case of the Spanish flu).

But once, one of these animal viruses mutates, and starts to transfer from animals to humans, then it’s a problem. Why? Because we have no natural or acquired immunity. The RNA sequencing of the genes inside the virus isn’t human, and the human immune system doesn’t recognize it so, we can’t fight it off.

Now sometimes, the mutation only allows transfer from animal to human. For years its only transmission is from an infected animal to a human before it finally mutates so that it can now transfer human to human. Once that happens, we have a new contagion phase. And depending on the fashion of this new mutation, that’s what decides how contagious, or how deadly it’s going to be.

H1N1 was deadly, but it did not mutate in a way that was as deadly as the Spanish flu. Its RNA was slower to mutate and it attacked its host differently, too.

Fast forward. Now, here comes this coronavirus. It existed in animals only, for nobody knows how long, but one day at an animal market in Wuhan China, in December 2019, it mutated and made the jump from animal to people.

At first, only animals could give it to a person. But here is the scary part: in just TWO WEEKS it mutated again and gained the ability to jump from human to human. Scientists call this quick ability “slippery.”

This coronavirus, not being in any form a “human” virus (whereas we would all have some natural or acquired immunity), took off like a rocket. And this was because humans have no known immunity; doctors have no known medicines for it. And it just so happens that this particular mutated animal virus changed itself in such a way that it causes great damage to human lungs.

That’s why coronavirus is different from seasonal flu, or H1N1 or any other type of influenza. This one is very slippery. And it’s a lung eater. And, it’s already mutated AGAIN, so that we now have two strains to deal with, strain S, and strain L, which makes it twice as hard to develop a vaccine.

History has shown that fast and immediate closings of public places has helped in past pandemics. Philadelphia and Baltimore were reluctant to close events in 1918, and they were the hardest hit in the US during the Spanish Flu.

And let me end by saying, right now it’s hitting older folks harder, but this genome is so slippery, if it mutates again (and it will), who is to say what it will do next?

Be smart folks; acting like you’re unafraid is so not sexy right now. Stay home as much as you can for now, and share this with those that just are not catching on.

See also:
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What You Aren’t Hearing About Coronavirus